PHP's sha1 in JavaScript

Here’s what our current JavaScript equivalent to PHP's sha1 looks like.

module.exports = function sha1 (str) {
// discuss at: https://locutus.io/php/sha1/
// original by: Webtoolkit.info (https://www.webtoolkit.info/)
// improved by: Michael White (https://getsprink.com)
// improved by: Kevin van Zonneveld (https://kvz.io)
// input by: Brett Zamir (https://brett-zamir.me)
// note 1: Keep in mind that in accordance with PHP, the whole string is buffered and then
// note 1: hashed. If available, we'd recommend using Node's native crypto modules directly
// note 1: in a steaming fashion for faster and more efficient hashing
// example 1: sha1('Kevin van Zonneveld')
// returns 1: '54916d2e62f65b3afa6e192e6a601cdbe5cb5897'
let hash
try {
const crypto = require('crypto')
const sha1sum = crypto.createHash('sha1')
sha1sum.update(str)
hash = sha1sum.digest('hex')
} catch (e) {
hash = undefined
}
if (hash !== undefined) {
return hash
}
const _rotLeft = function (n, s) {
const t4 = (n << s) | (n >>> (32 - s))
return t4
}
const _cvtHex = function (val) {
let str = ''
let i
let v
for (i = 7; i >= 0; i--) {
v = (val >>> (i * 4)) & 0x0f
str += v.toString(16)
}
return str
}
let blockstart
let i, j
const W = new Array(80)
let H0 = 0x67452301
let H1 = 0xEFCDAB89
let H2 = 0x98BADCFE
let H3 = 0x10325476
let H4 = 0xC3D2E1F0
let A, B, C, D, E
let temp
// utf8_encode
str = unescape(encodeURIComponent(str))
const strLen = str.length
const wordArray = []
for (i = 0; i < strLen - 3; i += 4) {
j = str.charCodeAt(i) << 24 |
str.charCodeAt(i + 1) << 16 |
str.charCodeAt(i + 2) << 8 |
str.charCodeAt(i + 3)
wordArray.push(j)
}
switch (strLen % 4) {
case 0:
i = 0x080000000
break
case 1:
i = str.charCodeAt(strLen - 1) << 24 | 0x0800000
break
case 2:
i = str.charCodeAt(strLen - 2) << 24 | str.charCodeAt(strLen - 1) << 16 | 0x08000
break
case 3:
i = str.charCodeAt(strLen - 3) << 24 |
str.charCodeAt(strLen - 2) << 16 |
str.charCodeAt(strLen - 1) <<
8 | 0x80
break
}
wordArray.push(i)
while ((wordArray.length % 16) !== 14) {
wordArray.push(0)
}
wordArray.push(strLen >>> 29)
wordArray.push((strLen << 3) & 0x0ffffffff)
for (blockstart = 0; blockstart < wordArray.length; blockstart += 16) {
for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
W[i] = wordArray[blockstart + i]
}
for (i = 16; i <= 79; i++) {
W[i] = _rotLeft(W[i - 3] ^ W[i - 8] ^ W[i - 14] ^ W[i - 16], 1)
}
A = H0
B = H1
C = H2
D = H3
E = H4
for (i = 0; i <= 19; i++) {
temp = (_rotLeft(A, 5) + ((B & C) | (~B & D)) + E + W[i] + 0x5A827999) & 0x0ffffffff
E = D
D = C
C = _rotLeft(B, 30)
B = A
A = temp
}
for (i = 20; i <= 39; i++) {
temp = (_rotLeft(A, 5) + (B ^ C ^ D) + E + W[i] + 0x6ED9EBA1) & 0x0ffffffff
E = D
D = C
C = _rotLeft(B, 30)
B = A
A = temp
}
for (i = 40; i <= 59; i++) {
temp = (_rotLeft(A, 5) + ((B & C) | (B & D) | (C & D)) + E + W[i] + 0x8F1BBCDC) & 0x0ffffffff
E = D
D = C
C = _rotLeft(B, 30)
B = A
A = temp
}
for (i = 60; i <= 79; i++) {
temp = (_rotLeft(A, 5) + (B ^ C ^ D) + E + W[i] + 0xCA62C1D6) & 0x0ffffffff
E = D
D = C
C = _rotLeft(B, 30)
B = A
A = temp
}
H0 = (H0 + A) & 0x0ffffffff
H1 = (H1 + B) & 0x0ffffffff
H2 = (H2 + C) & 0x0ffffffff
H3 = (H3 + D) & 0x0ffffffff
H4 = (H4 + E) & 0x0ffffffff
}
temp = _cvtHex(H0) + _cvtHex(H1) + _cvtHex(H2) + _cvtHex(H3) + _cvtHex(H4)
return temp.toLowerCase()
}
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How to use

You you can install via npm install locutus and require it via require('locutus/php/strings/sha1'). You could also require the strings module in full so that you could access strings.sha1 instead.

If you intend to target the browser, you can then use a module bundler such as Parcel, webpack, Browserify, or rollup.js. This can be important because Locutus allows modern JavaScript in the source files, meaning it may not work in all browsers without a build/transpile step. Locutus does transpile all functions to ES5 before publishing to npm.

A community effort

Not unlike Wikipedia, Locutus is an ongoing community effort. Our philosophy follows The McDonald’s Theory. This means that we don't consider it to be a bad thing that many of our functions are first iterations, which may still have their fair share of issues. We hope that these flaws will inspire others to come up with better ideas.

This way of working also means that we don't offer any production guarantees, and recommend to use Locutus inspiration and learning purposes only.

Notes

  • Keep in mind that in accordance with PHP, the whole string is buffered and then hashed. If available, we’d recommend using Node’s native crypto modules directly in a steaming fashion for faster and more efficient hashing

Examples

Please note that these examples are distilled from test cases that automatically verify our functions still work correctly. This could explain some quirky ones.

#codeexpected result
1sha1('Kevin van Zonneveld')'54916d2e62f65b3afa6e192e6a601cdbe5cb5897'

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