PHP's date in JavaScript

Here’s what our current JavaScript equivalent to PHP's date looks like.

module.exports = function date (format, timestamp) {
// discuss at: https://locutus.io/php/date/
// original by: Carlos R. L. Rodrigues (https://www.jsfromhell.com)
// original by: gettimeofday
// parts by: Peter-Paul Koch (https://www.quirksmode.org/js/beat.html)
// improved by: Kevin van Zonneveld (https://kvz.io)
// improved by: MeEtc (https://yass.meetcweb.com)
// improved by: Brad Touesnard
// improved by: Tim Wiel
// improved by: Bryan Elliott
// improved by: David Randall
// improved by: Theriault (https://github.com/Theriault)
// improved by: Theriault (https://github.com/Theriault)
// improved by: Brett Zamir (https://brett-zamir.me)
// improved by: Theriault (https://github.com/Theriault)
// improved by: Thomas Beaucourt (https://www.webapp.fr)
// improved by: JT
// improved by: Theriault (https://github.com/Theriault)
// improved by: Rafał Kukawski (https://blog.kukawski.pl)
// improved by: Theriault (https://github.com/Theriault)
// input by: Brett Zamir (https://brett-zamir.me)
// input by: majak
// input by: Alex
// input by: Martin
// input by: Alex Wilson
// input by: Haravikk
// bugfixed by: Kevin van Zonneveld (https://kvz.io)
// bugfixed by: majak
// bugfixed by: Kevin van Zonneveld (https://kvz.io)
// bugfixed by: Brett Zamir (https://brett-zamir.me)
// bugfixed by: omid (https://locutus.io/php/380:380#comment_137122)
// bugfixed by: Chris (https://www.devotis.nl/)
// note 1: Uses global: locutus to store the default timezone
// note 1: Although the function potentially allows timezone info
// note 1: (see notes), it currently does not set
// note 1: per a timezone specified by date_default_timezone_set(). Implementers might use
// note 1: $locutus.currentTimezoneOffset and
// note 1: $locutus.currentTimezoneDST set by that function
// note 1: in order to adjust the dates in this function
// note 1: (or our other date functions!) accordingly
// example 1: date('H:m:s \\m \\i\\s \\m\\o\\n\\t\\h', 1062402400)
// returns 1: '07:09:40 m is month'
// example 2: date('F j, Y, g:i a', 1062462400)
// returns 2: 'September 2, 2003, 12:26 am'
// example 3: date('Y W o', 1062462400)
// returns 3: '2003 36 2003'
// example 4: var $x = date('Y m d', (new Date()).getTime() / 1000)
// example 4: $x = $x + ''
// example 4: var $result = $x.length // 2009 01 09
// returns 4: 10
// example 5: date('W', 1104534000)
// returns 5: '52'
// example 6: date('B t', 1104534000)
// returns 6: '999 31'
// example 7: date('W U', 1293750000.82); // 2010-12-31
// returns 7: '52 1293750000'
// example 8: date('W', 1293836400); // 2011-01-01
// returns 8: '52'
// example 9: date('W Y-m-d', 1293974054); // 2011-01-02
// returns 9: '52 2011-01-02'
// test: skip-1 skip-2 skip-5
let jsdate, f
// Keep this here (works, but for code commented-out below for file size reasons)
// var tal= [];
const txtWords = [
'Sun', 'Mon', 'Tues', 'Wednes', 'Thurs', 'Fri', 'Satur',
'January', 'February', 'March', 'April', 'May', 'June',
'July', 'August', 'September', 'October', 'November', 'December'
]
// trailing backslash -> (dropped)
// a backslash followed by any character (including backslash) -> the character
// empty string -> empty string
const formatChr = /\\?(.?)/gi
const formatChrCb = function (t, s) {
return f[t] ? f[t]() : s
}
const _pad = function (n, c) {
n = String(n)
while (n.length < c) {
n = '0' + n
}
return n
}
f = {
// Day
d: function () {
// Day of month w/leading 0; 01..31
return _pad(f.j(), 2)
},
D: function () {
// Shorthand day name; Mon...Sun
return f.l()
.slice(0, 3)
},
j: function () {
// Day of month; 1..31
return jsdate.getDate()
},
l: function () {
// Full day name; Monday...Sunday
return txtWords[f.w()] + 'day'
},
N: function () {
// ISO-8601 day of week; 1[Mon]..7[Sun]
return f.w() || 7
},
S: function () {
// Ordinal suffix for day of month; st, nd, rd, th
const j = f.j()
let i = j % 10
if (i <= 3 && parseInt((j % 100) / 10, 10) === 1) {
i = 0
}
return ['st', 'nd', 'rd'][i - 1] || 'th'
},
w: function () {
// Day of week; 0[Sun]..6[Sat]
return jsdate.getDay()
},
z: function () {
// Day of year; 0..365
const a = new Date(f.Y(), f.n() - 1, f.j())
const b = new Date(f.Y(), 0, 1)
return Math.round((a - b) / 864e5)
},
// Week
W: function () {
// ISO-8601 week number
const a = new Date(f.Y(), f.n() - 1, f.j() - f.N() + 3)
const b = new Date(a.getFullYear(), 0, 4)
return _pad(1 + Math.round((a - b) / 864e5 / 7), 2)
},
// Month
F: function () {
// Full month name; January...December
return txtWords[6 + f.n()]
},
m: function () {
// Month w/leading 0; 01...12
return _pad(f.n(), 2)
},
M: function () {
// Shorthand month name; Jan...Dec
return f.F()
.slice(0, 3)
},
n: function () {
// Month; 1...12
return jsdate.getMonth() + 1
},
t: function () {
// Days in month; 28...31
return (new Date(f.Y(), f.n(), 0))
.getDate()
},
// Year
L: function () {
// Is leap year?; 0 or 1
const j = f.Y()
return j % 4 === 0 & j % 100 !== 0 | j % 400 === 0
},
o: function () {
// ISO-8601 year
const n = f.n()
const W = f.W()
const Y = f.Y()
return Y + (n === 12 && W < 9 ? 1 : n === 1 && W > 9 ? -1 : 0)
},
Y: function () {
// Full year; e.g. 1980...2010
return jsdate.getFullYear()
},
y: function () {
// Last two digits of year; 00...99
return f.Y()
.toString()
.slice(-2)
},
// Time
a: function () {
// am or pm
return jsdate.getHours() > 11 ? 'pm' : 'am'
},
A: function () {
// AM or PM
return f.a()
.toUpperCase()
},
B: function () {
// Swatch Internet time; 000..999
const H = jsdate.getUTCHours() * 36e2
// Hours
const i = jsdate.getUTCMinutes() * 60
// Minutes
// Seconds
const s = jsdate.getUTCSeconds()
return _pad(Math.floor((H + i + s + 36e2) / 86.4) % 1e3, 3)
},
g: function () {
// 12-Hours; 1..12
return f.G() % 12 || 12
},
G: function () {
// 24-Hours; 0..23
return jsdate.getHours()
},
h: function () {
// 12-Hours w/leading 0; 01..12
return _pad(f.g(), 2)
},
H: function () {
// 24-Hours w/leading 0; 00..23
return _pad(f.G(), 2)
},
i: function () {
// Minutes w/leading 0; 00..59
return _pad(jsdate.getMinutes(), 2)
},
s: function () {
// Seconds w/leading 0; 00..59
return _pad(jsdate.getSeconds(), 2)
},
u: function () {
// Microseconds; 000000-999000
return _pad(jsdate.getMilliseconds() * 1000, 6)
},
// Timezone
e: function () {
// Timezone identifier; e.g. Atlantic/Azores, ...
// The following works, but requires inclusion of the very large
// timezone_abbreviations_list() function.
/* return that.date_default_timezone_get();
*/
const msg = 'Not supported (see source code of date() for timezone on how to add support)'
throw new Error(msg)
},
I: function () {
// DST observed?; 0 or 1
// Compares Jan 1 minus Jan 1 UTC to Jul 1 minus Jul 1 UTC.
// If they are not equal, then DST is observed.
const a = new Date(f.Y(), 0)
// Jan 1
const c = Date.UTC(f.Y(), 0)
// Jan 1 UTC
const b = new Date(f.Y(), 6)
// Jul 1
// Jul 1 UTC
const d = Date.UTC(f.Y(), 6)
return ((a - c) !== (b - d)) ? 1 : 0
},
O: function () {
// Difference to GMT in hour format; e.g. +0200
const tzo = jsdate.getTimezoneOffset()
const a = Math.abs(tzo)
return (tzo > 0 ? '-' : '+') + _pad(Math.floor(a / 60) * 100 + a % 60, 4)
},
P: function () {
// Difference to GMT w/colon; e.g. +02:00
const O = f.O()
return (O.substr(0, 3) + ':' + O.substr(3, 2))
},
T: function () {
// The following works, but requires inclusion of the very
// large timezone_abbreviations_list() function.
/* var abbr, i, os, _default;
if (!tal.length) {
tal = that.timezone_abbreviations_list();
}
if ($locutus && $locutus.default_timezone) {
_default = $locutus.default_timezone;
for (abbr in tal) {
for (i = 0; i < tal[abbr].length; i++) {
if (tal[abbr][i].timezone_id === _default) {
return abbr.toUpperCase();
}
}
}
}
for (abbr in tal) {
for (i = 0; i < tal[abbr].length; i++) {
os = -jsdate.getTimezoneOffset() * 60;
if (tal[abbr][i].offset === os) {
return abbr.toUpperCase();
}
}
}
*/
return 'UTC'
},
Z: function () {
// Timezone offset in seconds (-43200...50400)
return -jsdate.getTimezoneOffset() * 60
},
// Full Date/Time
c: function () {
// ISO-8601 date.
return 'Y-m-d\\TH:i:sP'.replace(formatChr, formatChrCb)
},
r: function () {
// RFC 2822
return 'D, d M Y H:i:s O'.replace(formatChr, formatChrCb)
},
U: function () {
// Seconds since UNIX epoch
return jsdate / 1000 | 0
}
}
const _date = function (format, timestamp) {
jsdate = (timestamp === undefined ? new Date() // Not provided
: (timestamp instanceof Date) ? new Date(timestamp) // JS Date()
: new Date(timestamp * 1000) // UNIX timestamp (auto-convert to int)
)
return format.replace(formatChr, formatChrCb)
}
return _date(format, timestamp)
}
[ View on GitHub | Edit on GitHub | Source on GitHub ]

How to use

You you can install via npm install locutus and require it via require('locutus/php/datetime/date'). You could also require the datetime module in full so that you could access datetime.date instead.

If you intend to target the browser, you can then use a module bundler such as Parcel, webpack, Browserify, or rollup.js. This can be important because Locutus allows modern JavaScript in the source files, meaning it may not work in all browsers without a build/transpile step. Locutus does transpile all functions to ES5 before publishing to npm.

A community effort

Not unlike Wikipedia, Locutus is an ongoing community effort. Our philosophy follows The McDonald’s Theory. This means that we don't consider it to be a bad thing that many of our functions are first iterations, which may still have their fair share of issues. We hope that these flaws will inspire others to come up with better ideas.

This way of working also means that we don't offer any production guarantees, and recommend to use Locutus inspiration and learning purposes only.

Notes

  • Uses global: locutus to store the default timezone Although the function potentially allows timezone info (see notes), it currently does not set per a timezone specified by date_default_timezone_set(). Implementers might use $locutus.currentTimezoneOffset and $locutus.currentTimezoneDST set by that function in order to adjust the dates in this function (or our other date functions!) accordingly

Examples

Please note that these examples are distilled from test cases that automatically verify our functions still work correctly. This could explain some quirky ones.

#codeexpected result
1date('H:m:s \\m \\i\\s \\m\\o\\n\\t\\h', 1062402400)'07:09:40 m is month'
2date('F j, Y, g:i a', 1062462400)'September 2, 2003, 12:26 am'
3date('Y W o', 1062462400)'2003 36 2003'
4var $x = date('Y m d', (new Date()).getTime() / 1000) $x = $x + '' var $result = $x.length // 2009 01 0910
5date('W', 1104534000)'52'
6date('B t', 1104534000)'999 31'
7date('W U', 1293750000.82); // 2010-12-31'52 1293750000'
8date('W', 1293836400); // 2011-01-01'52'
9date('W Y-m-d', 1293974054); // 2011-01-02'52 2011-01-02'

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