PHP's str_getcsv in JavaScript

How to use

You you can install via yarn add locutus and require this function via const str_getcsv = require('locutus/php/strings/str_getcsv').

It is important to use a bundler that supports tree-shaking so that you only ship the functions that you actually use to your browser, instead of all of Locutus, which is massive. Examples are: Parcel, webpack, or rollup.js. For server-side use this is typically less of a concern.


Please note that these examples are distilled from test cases that automatically verify our functions still work correctly. This could explain some quirky ones.

#codeexpected result
1str_getcsv('"abc","def","ghi"')['abc', 'def', 'ghi']
2str_getcsv('"row2""cell1","row2cell2","row2cell3"', null, null, '"')['row2"cell1', 'row2cell2', 'row2cell3']

Here’s what our current JavaScript equivalent to PHP's str_getcsv looks like.

module.exports = function str_getcsv(input, delimiter, enclosure, escape) {
// discuss at:
// original by: Brett Zamir (
// example 1: str_getcsv('"abc","def","ghi"')
// returns 1: ['abc', 'def', 'ghi']
// example 2: str_getcsv('"row2""cell1","row2cell2","row2cell3"', null, null, '"')
// returns 2: ['row2"cell1', 'row2cell2', 'row2cell3']

// These test cases allowing for missing delimiters are not currently supported
str_getcsv('"row2""cell1",row2cell2,row2cell3', null, null, '"');
['row2"cell1', 'row2cell2', 'row2cell3']

str_getcsv('row1cell1,"row1,cell2",row1cell3', null, null, '"');
['row1cell1', 'row1,cell2', 'row1cell3']

['row2"cell1', 'row2cell2', 'row2""cell3']

str_getcsv('row1cell1,"row1,cell2","row1"",""cell3"', null, null, '"');
['row1cell1', 'row1,cell2', 'row1","cell3'];

Should also test newlines within

let i
let inpLen
const output = []
const _backwards = function (str) {
// We need to go backwards to simulate negative look-behind (don't split on
// an escaped enclosure even if followed by the delimiter and another enclosure mark)
return str.split('').reverse().join('')
const _pq = function (str) {
// preg_quote()
return String(str).replace(/([\\.+*?[^\]$(){}=!<>|:])/g, '\\$1')

delimiter = delimiter || ','
enclosure = enclosure || '"'
escape = escape || '\\'
const pqEnc = _pq(enclosure)
const pqEsc = _pq(escape)

input = input.replace(new RegExp('^\\s*' + pqEnc), '').replace(new RegExp(pqEnc + '\\s*$'), '')

// PHP behavior may differ by including whitespace even outside of the enclosure
input = _backwards(input)
.split(new RegExp(pqEnc + '\\s*' + _pq(delimiter) + '\\s*' + pqEnc + '(?!' + pqEsc + ')', 'g'))

for (i = 0, inpLen = input.length; i < inpLen; i++) {
output.push(_backwards(input[i]).replace(new RegExp(pqEsc + pqEnc, 'g'), enclosure))

return output

A community effort

Not unlike Wikipedia, Locutus is an ongoing community effort. Our philosophy follows The McDonald’s Theory. This means that we assimilate first iterations with imperfections, hoping for others to take issue with-and improve them. This unorthodox approach has worked very well to foster fun and fruitful collaboration, but please be reminded to use our creations at your own risk. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" has never been more true than for Locutus.

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